The Gateway - Vol 1

CUTTING EDGE RESEARCH

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Written by bml-blog

The field of Engineering is seeing some exciting developments through cutting edge research. There is talk of 4-D printing where an object created through 3-D printing will change shape with time depending on environmental conditions. Magnetically levitated trains have already attained speeds of 600 km per hour in test runs and the feasibility of trains running at supersonic speeds in a vacuum is being examined.

The School of Engineering and Technology is also doing research in areas that will ultimately have a positive impact on society. Some of these include reducing the growth of tumours, optimisation of production processes across continents, better drug delivery and rapid prototyping. One of the studies was published at the International IEEE AP-S Conference, USA.

Faculty: Dr. Shahid Ahmed, Associate Professor, Electronics and Communication Engineering
Research Area: Short Pulse Electromagnetics
Title: Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Simulators for Our Real Life — Electronics for Cancer Treatment
Abstract: Electromagnetic pulse is an electromagnetic wave such as light and radio-waves, and in nature it is generated by lightning. The term “pulse” suggests an electromagnetic wave of short duration. Sometime we see that strong lightning shuts down electricity and damages TV systems; this happens owing to the high electrical power associated with lightning surges. Research suggests that controlling electromagnetic pulses by changing their shape and intensity can help in devising shielding enclosures that will protect electrical and electronic equipment against lightning. Moreover, the controlled electromagnetic pulses can induce programmed cell death in biological cells, which could reduce the growth of tumours.

Therefore, the exposure of electromagnetic pulses (EMP) could be a boon for the human body. The goal is to devise EMP simulators for such research purposes.

Faculty: Dr. Amarnath Bheemaraju, Assistant Professor, Chemistry
Research Area: Semiconductor Manufacturing
Title: Structure and Properties of Soluble H-bonded N-type Organic Semiconductors
Abstract: Organic field effect transistors (OFETs) are used to make large area, low cost and flexible electronic devices such as transducers, diodes, sensors and memory elements. The aim of this research is to improve the performance of OFETs by enhancing the electron mobility (how quickly electrons move in a material when electric field is applied) using organic semiconductors (OSC) that have well-defined assemblies. It also answers the question of how structure and functions are related in various OSC molecules.

Faculty: Dr. Maheshwar Dwivedi, Associate Professor, Mechanical Engineering
Research Area: Industrial Manufacturing
Title: Assessing Manufacturing Sustainability across Borders
Abstract: Industrial manufacturing is a global activity which spans continents and cultures, but although outwardly similar activities (e.g., automobile and steel production) take place in many different locations, they are far from identical operations. Although many examples can be mentioned, there are few quantitative tools that can support international companies in the optimisation of the overall sustainability of their operations across different countries. Indeed typical life cycle analysis (LCA) is almost invariably conducted within a regional “bubble” using national levels to quantify, say, energy and environmental costs. This research will cut across national boundaries to develop a frame work for life cycle costs that is cognizant of national context and supports the optimisation of processes across continents.

Research in management plays a vital role in ensuring that we are up to date with the latest trends in the world of business. Our close partner in the MBA programme is Imperial College London which has a very strong focus on research and innovation. To quote: “Our research aims to create knowledge generally and provide solutions to a broad spectrum of societal and economic issues.” At BMU, we seek to imbibe the 108-year-old heritage of our academic mentor.
Some of the areas of research that BMU faculty have worked on are showcased in this article. They cover a broad spectrum. Challenges faced by expatriate managers running businesses in India is one. The issues related to the complex systems that operate in financial markets of emerging nations is another. Yet another pertains to the characteristics that go to make successful leaders in India. If, on reading, you would like more details, do get in touch with us.

Faculty: Dr. Vishwanath S R
Research Area: Anchor Investors, Under-pricing and After Market Performance
Abstract: The paper studies a legal experiment that allows share allocations to anchor investors in a two-stage IPO process. It is found that anchor investors are likely to invest in hard-to-place offerings. The researchers document a negative, causal relation between allocation to anchor investors and underpricing. They found that reputed anchor investors realize substantial profits up to lock up expiration whereas others realise losses. When lock ups expire, there is insignificant return for the investors. The research evidence provides support to information revelation and targeting specific investors’ theories of book building.

Faculty: Dr. Sanghamitra Bhattacharya
Research Area: Challenges and opportunities of doing business in India
Abstract: While increasing numbers of multinational corporations (MNCs) are choosing India as a destination to expand their businesses, there is a paucity of academic literature on cultural issues and challenges faced by expatriate managers running businesses in India. An exploratory study was conducted, involving content analysis of in-depth interviews to understand management techniques and culture-specific challenges that expatriate managers of multinationals face while doing business in India. Six propositions — on aspects such as dimensions of diversity and cultural values, perceived ease of doing business, HR practices commonly followed by MNCs were tested. The study highlighted similarities as well as differences in respondents’ perceptions on certain cultural dimensions, and emphasised the necessity to adjust expectations and management practices by foreign companies, planning to operate in India, and proposed a “third culture” approach by MNCs.

Faculty: Dr. Davinder Singh
Research Area: Studying the Influence of Leader’s Characteristics on Organisational Innovation through Case Studies of Indian Business Leaders– A Book Review, Singh, P., and Bhandarker, A, ‘In Search of Change Maestros’, Sage.
Abstract: The subjects of individual creativity and organisational innovation are being viewed as important for business success. Various themes have emerged from the studies done to understand the relationship that exists between ‘Leader’s Characteristics’ and ‘Innovation’. The studies have been done predominantly in the context of developed economies. It is likely that they would be applicable in the Indian context as well. The Indian business landscape has changed since the mid-1990s, when the change in economic policies was initiated, increasing competition — both internal and external. The organisations needed to embrace and manage change and the need to innovate increased. The Indian Business Leaders, who recognised this and provided transformational leadership to their organisation, have led their organisations to high growth. In this paper, an attempt has been made to compare the characteristics of such leaders from India to the themes from extant literature.

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